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Sunday, 22 May 2016

Names of Georgian and Regency Horses

Here the noble steed Diamond by Highflyer, dam by Matchem.  The pedigrees of horses did not always give much in the way of information about the dam save her pedigree!
Sometimes the names of horses gave some information about their pedigree but as often as not they did not, and I include the next couple of pedigrees to show that these illustrious steeds had relatives whose names did pass down as in the case of Woodpecker who sired Young Woodpecker, who sired Woodpecker Lass.

And here is his sire, Highflyer:
Highflyer was sired by Herod, one of the founding stallions of the Thoroughbred.  Highflyer also sired Florizel and Woodpecker [see below].  Highflyer's dam was Rachel, sired by Blank, her dam sired by Regulus, and both Regulus and Blank sired by Godolphin Arabian, who needs no introduction.  [Wickipedia]


Then we have in 1765 the stud record of 'Forrester' [owned by a Mr Hugo Meynell, husband of one of the early Patronesses of Almack's]  whose dam was Layton, but who has a list of ancestors who are stallions:
Old Forrester
Bloody-Buttocks
Partner
Dormouse
Matchem [presumably the same one who was grandsire to Diamond, above?]
Sweepstakes
Makeless [a medieval word meaning matchless]
Brimmer
Dosworth.

the notice in the Derby Mercury of the stud fees and pedigree Friday 19th April 1765 below:

Other names for horses around the Regency which I have noted down when researching other things between 1800 and 1820:
[these are all race horses, as though there are many advertisements for horses for sale, alas, the names are not given.]


Stallions:

Aeolus
Belianis
Beliante
Billy-The-Beau
Blacklock
Black Triphonius
Bruiser
Bucephalus
Bullion
Bustard
Buzzard
Cardenin
Cerberus [adding insult to injury calling it for a dog]
Claymore
Corregio
Faunus
Ganymede
General
Golumpus
Grampian
Harraion
Hippomenes
Jack Spavins
King Corneus
Lightning
Little Thomas
Lochinvar
Loiterer
Mandeville
Masker
Merlin
Newton
Orville
Radamanthus
Ralph
Reveller
Rifleman
Rover
Slender Billy
Sorcerer
Spartan
Snail
Starlight
Symmetry
Thunderbolt
Torchbearer
Tortoise
Traveller [by Highflyer]
Young Woodpecker [by Woodpecker]
Whiff
Winner
Witchcraft
Wonder
Wood-Daemon
Woodpecker


Mares:

Abermule Lass
Agnes Sorrel
Ally Croaker
Aspania
Aspasia
Banshee
Beggar-girl
Bistirpa
Bittery Anne
Black-eyes
Boadicia
Brown Bess
Cambrian Lass
Cecilia
Celecia
Cestrian
Creeper
Creeping Jenny
Cressida
Duchess
Empress
Esterhazy
Fandango
Fanny
Flora
Folly
Fugitive
Georgiana
Glauvina
Gloriana
Goldenlocks
Grey Highflyer [by Highflyer] 
Hannah
Hebe
Helen
Huncamunca [by Highflyer]
Jemima
Jennette
Jenserie
Josephina
Locket
Louise
Maid of all Work
Maid of Lodi
Marcia
Maritornes
Mary-Ann
Meteora [dam by Highflyer]
Miss Blanchard
Miss Buckle
Miss Frances
Miss Judy
Miss Staverley
Morgiana
Nymphima
Octaviana
Parthenope
Pecunia
Peggy
Placid
Priscilla
Princess Jemima
Rosalind
Rosanne
Saganna
Sheba's Queen
Silenua
Stella
Susan
Sweetlip
The Duchess
Truila
Tulip
Victoria
Woodpecker-lass [by Young Woodpecker racing 1817]
Witch of Endor

a fairly good indication that the age of reason had swept away superstition amongst the horse owning classes at least with names like Sorcerer, Witchcraft, Wood-Daemon and the filly Witch of Endor. Interesting the deprecating names like Loiterer, Snail, Tortoise, Jack-Spavins

Interesting that a greater number of mares seem to bear ordinary female nnames.

Friday, 15 April 2016

A continuation of writing by dice; Servants and tradesmen and naming extraneous characters.



I was asked about extending the personality traits from the table for main characters to those who are more 'throwaway' characters, so here they are.
And underneath, a quick table for first names by social class. 


Servants personality traits
Can also be used for labourers and innkeepers


1
2
3
4
5
6
1
loyal
top-lofty
dirty
skilful
vulgar
plain
2
venal
sporting
efficient
inept
pugnacious
attractive
3
snivelling
flirtatious
clever
curious
quiet
reader
4
resentful
helpful
dim
incurious
inoffensive
religious
5
radical
unhelpful
pleasant
nosy
shy
gambler
6
conservative
fastidious
Surly
sly
bold
nervous

Honesty level
Note; someone with the trait ‘loyal’ would be less likely to betray whoever they are loyal to, whatever their level of honesty

  1. thief
  2. pathological liar
  3. tells lies to escape trouble
  4. would keep incorrect change if too much and would take vail to undertake even underhand measures

  1. would only take a vail to do something not likely to harm anyone
  2. as honest as most people, would not cheat a tradesman but would buy smuggled goods
  3. As 7
  4. personally truthful and honest but would not betray a fellow servant who was less scrupulous.
  5. personally honest, and truthful except in the matter of being tactful. 
  6.  honest and sanctimonious about it and likely to rat up others
  7. as honest as the day is long and incorruptible, and likely to tell on anyone who tries corrupting him or her

Tradesmen


1
2
3
4
5
6
1
Greedy
cheerful
miserable
religious
reader
radical
2
nipcheese
surly
skilful
resentful
quiet
conservative
3
honest
pugnacious
inept
satisfied
stroppy
xenophobic
4
generous
ingratiating
pleasant
oleaginous
educated
Open minded
5
kindly
Well-spoken
friendly
Self-satisfied
ignorant
egalitarian
6
unkind
vulgar
unfriendly
Self-made
prejudiced
Flawed

Much is in reading a combination; someone both radical and religious is likely to be a non-conformist, a Methodist or Quaker, both keen reformists and very much religions of the middle class.
Flawed:  see main table for suggestions

Honesty
  1. will engage in sharp practises like adulteration of goods, tax avoidance, and selling short weight
  2. would cheat the government and would not tell a customer that he had overpaid
  3. would probably refund overpayment unless the customer has been rude
  4. honest enough but will use nepotism
  5. honest
  6. blindingly honest and likely to rat up anyone who is not.


Names by social class

Fun as it is to find a name which fits a character like a glove, sometimes a name is needed for a character who is neither important enough to be well defined, or who is waiting to be defined, in which case the name might change.  And not every character deserves to have their shortcomings on display with a name like Meleager Scrimp,  Bessy Filch [a bessy is an instrument for picking locks], Basil Overtop or Scholastica Readmore

This is by no stretch of the imagination a universal list.  I have included in each table the 10 most popular names across social boundaries, as  80% of people named would have been named from those names.  The lower class versions will have children named by pet versions of those names as well, since the better educated would know that, say, Molly was a pet form of Mary, and might call a child by a pet name, but would christen them by the root of it.

Aristocracy/gentry/educated
Male

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
Lionel
Walter
Guy
Miles
Frederick
Stephen
2
Lucius
Julius
Gregory
Virgil
Peregrine
Theodore
3
William
John
Thomas
James
George
Joseph
4
Richard
Henry
Robert
Charles
Peter
Francis
5
Christopher
Ralph
Nicholas
Anthony
Luke
Martin
6
Nathaniel
Arthur
Philip
Laurence
Roger
Jeremy


Female

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
Barbara
Marjorie
Bridget
Grace
Deborah
Cecilia
2
Phyllida
Cassandra
Chloe
Alice
Letitia
Priscilla
3
Mary
Ann[e]
Elizabeth
Sarah
Jane
Hannah
4
Susan
Elinor
Marjorie
Charlotte
Harriet
Helen
5
Sophy
Lucy
Isabel[la]
Emma
Catherine
Amelia
6
Frances
Lydia
Caroline
Phoebe
Esther
Amy

 Surnames: Names the Norman lords used were Baskerville, Darcy, Mandeville, Montgomery, Percy, Neville, Punchard, Talbot.    Place names from an atlas are always in order, including corruptions of French placenames like Bagpuss [Bacquepuiss].

Middle Class, pretentious
[names seen to be higher class which they might well be]
Male

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
Alexander
Hector
Frederick
Augustus
Horatio
Lionel
2
Nathan
Theophilus
Scipio
Hadrian
Maximilien
Ulysses
3
William
John
Thomas
James
George
Joseph
4
Richard
Henry
Robert
Charles
Michael
Julius
5
Cassius
Earle
Percy*
Neville*
Montgomery*
Darcy*
6
Talbot*
Gabriel
Jasper
Jonathon
David
Roger
*some of the more prestigious surnames introduced by the Normans.

Female

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
Priscilla
Fanny
Frances
Cecilia
Jacintha
Camilla
2
Araminta
Leonora
Augusta
Wilhelmina
Charlotte
Caroline
3
Mary
Ann[e]
Elizabeth
Sarah
Jane
Hannah
4
Susan
Martha
Margaret
Charlotte
Harriet
Amelia
5
Henrietta
Cressida
Audrey
Annabella
Marianne
Euphemia
6
Emma
Celia
Sylvia
Everina
Philadelphia
Anastasia


Middle Class, ordinary
Male

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
Samuel
Daniel
Josiah
Amos
Joshua
Adam
2
Nathaniel
Nathan
Jacob
Benjamin
Edward
Isaac
3
William
John
Thomas
James
George
Joseph
4
Richard
Henry
Robert
Charles
David
Stephen
5
Aaron
Moses
Luke
Mark
Matthew
Christopher
6
Simon
Timothy
Gedeliah
Philip
Hugh
Abraham


Female

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
Fanny
Fancy
Frances
Alice
Amy
Emma
2
Rachel
Judith
Dinah
Agnes
Elinor
Ellen
3
Mary
Ann[e]
Elizabeth
Sarah
Jane
Hannah
4
Susan
Martha
Margaret
Charlotte
Harriet
Lucy
5
Isabel
Dorothy
Jenny
Ruth
Rebecca
Jemima
6
Joan
Bridget
Dinah
Joanna
Nancy
Sophy

 Surnames:  artisan surnames like Fletcher,  Gildersleeves, Orbater, Coltard, Angove
or place names [use an atlas], or names from old given names like Baldwin, Anketel, Elmer, Hancock, Jenkins.


Lower Class
Male

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
Jacob
Adam
Joshua
Andrew
Matthew
Matty
2
Edward
Edmund
Ned
Daniel
Benjamin
Abel
3
William
John
Thomas
James
George
Joseph
4
Richard
Henry
Robert
Charles
Jack
Harry
5
Samuel
Amos
Jedediah
Josiah
Billy
Benny
6
Dick
Jake
Tom
Joe
Johnny
Jimmy


Female

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
Betty
Eliza
Nancy
Sukey
Sally
Kitty
2
Molly
Polly
Peggy
Agnes
Mary-ann
Betsy
3
Mary
Ann[e]
Elizabeth
Sarah
Jane
Hannah
4
Susan
Martha
Margaret
Charlotte
Harriet
Catherine
5
Beth
Minney
Kate
Etta
Fanny
Frances
6
Rebecca
Alice
Ellen
Hesther
Dorothy
Joan

 Surnames: likely to be more common occupation names like Smith,  or names from given names like Jones, Johnson, Williamson, Rodgers, Hancock, or place names from an atlas. 

On Surnames generally see also my post on the development of surnames HERE